“Test” cases should not be confused with group / class actions
A class action is a case where a plaintiff takes an action on behalf of a particular group or class of persons. Class actions are extremely rare in Ireland and are only provided for in very limited circumstances (such as Part IV of the Civil Liability Act 1961). They are outside the scope of civil legal services.
In the Irish legal system, a decision of a court generally (but not always) binds the same court, while a decision of a higher court always binds a lower court. Sometimes a person may take a case with the intent of establishing a precedent which will be followed in later, similar cases – this is called a “test” case. If a person applies for legal aid for a “test” case, we will judge the case on its own merits like any other.